L A B O R A T O R Y C O U R S E W O R K
Principles of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficient Systems ABEE4104
Renewable Energy & Energy Efficient Technologies ABEE 4105
IN PERSON LAB TIMETABLE (Autumn Semester 2020)
1400 – 1600
1400 – 1600
PV – Solar Photovoltaics ST – Solar Thermal WT – Wind Turbine
(SEE LAB GROUP ALLOCATION ON SEPARATE SHEET)
IN PERSON ATTENDANCE MUST BE ON DATE ALLOCATED IN
ORDER TO COMPLY WITH COVID SECURE MEASURES (1 demonstrator + 3 students).
ALL ATTENDEES MUST HAVE COMPLETED THE HEALTH AND
SAFETY TRAINING, WEAR PPE & ADHERE TO COVID SECURE
MEASURES OUTLINED IN THE RISK ASSESSMENTS:
FACE COVERINGS AND NITRILE GLOVES TO BE
WORN AT ALL TIMES UNLESS EXEMPTED
GUIDANCE (N.B. A laboratory demonstrator will be present to help with each lab class)
When you arrive, go to your scheduled lab. Here you will meet your lab demonstrator who will guide you
through the lab during the session. You will need to have a copy of the relevant lab instructions which are
available on the MOODLE site. During the experiment you are required to write-up your lab in an
appropriate A4 note book or laboratory book. The lab book report is a summary report containing only an
experimental set-up diagram, the results, graphs and the answers to any questions asked on the lab sheets.
You should include enough information to enable you to produce your formal report. You are NOT
required to submit this lab book. However, the information you have recorded will be essential for
completion of your formal report.
REMOTE STUDY & MISSED IN PERSON LAB CLASSES
Those taking in person lab classes will undertake one of the laboratory classes only due to Covid Secure
Measures and resulting space and occupancy densities. You will need to undertake the remaining two labs
in the same way as those doing the lab classes remotely, as follows:
For remote study students and for the missed in person labs you will find videos of the laboratory
procedures on the MOODLE site along with a set of results you will use for your reports. Use the
instruction lab sheets, videos and results data to write up your reports.
LOCATION & LABORATORY CLASS FORMAT (what to do on the day of your lab)
The lab reports count towards 100% of the ten credit 4105 module marks and 50% of the 20 credit 4104
You are required to produce THREE short and concise laboratory reports in a single DIGITAL format
(see guidelines below).
Your Formal Reports should be submitted as one file online through MOODLE for assessment by 5pm
on Friday 15th January 2020.
|ST LAB HERE in L3
Labs, Faculty of
GUIDELINES FOR WRITING FORMAL LAB REPORTS
1. All reports must be typed using a word processor and submitted for marking in DIGITAL FORMAT as
a single pdf file (max file size 250MB). Submission is in the ‘Coursework Details & Submission’ section of the
MOODLE site – ‘Laboratory Coursework SUBMIT HERE’.
2. Each student must write three independent lab reports using data from your in person lab class and/or the online
virtual labs in video format with the results data you have been allocated. Lab Group members are encouraged to
discuss the results of the lab exercise, but each student must write a COMPLETELY INDEPENDENT reports.
Group submissions will not be accepted and plagiarism may be rewarded with a fail mark.
3. Each Lab report (excluding appendixes and title page) should be NO more than 1000 words each and should
follow the format outlined below. Your submission should be one file containing the three reports.
1. Title Page
6. Discussion & Conclusions
7. Answers to context questions
Title Page (does not count toward page limit). The title page should contain the module name and code, lab title,
your name, student number, your course/year, your lab group number and the date of the lab.
The abstract is the report in miniature. It summarizes the whole report in one, i.e. the purpose of the report, the data
presented, and the author’s major conclusions. It should be a short concise paragraph. As distinguished from the
introduction, the abstract tells the reader what will be done and lays the groundwork. The abstract summarizes the
report itself, not the actual experiment. Hence, you cannot write the abstract until after you’ve completed the report.
A good abstract should allow the reader to judge whether it would serve his or her purposes to read the entire
The Introduction is more narrowly focussed than the abstract. It must outline the scientific purpose(s) or
objective(s) of the experiment and give the reader sufficient background to understand the rest of the report. The
objectives of the experiment are important to state because these objectives are usually analysed in the conclusion
to determine whether the experiment succeeded. The background should include relevant theory including
predictions for what the results should be and any formulas the reader needs to know. Your introduction should not
be a repeat of the lab sheet given instead it should show your own comprehension of the problem. Most importantly
the introduction defines the subject of the report and care should be taken to limit the background to whatever is
pertinent to the experiment.
The Method or experimental procedure is a full descriptive narrative. It should be a complete, accurate, and precise
description of all steps undertaken in chronological order. State what you really did and what actually happened,
not what was supposed to happen or what the textbook said. You should include an equipment list and a diagram
showing the experimental set-up. Documenting the procedure of your laboratory experiment is important not only
so that others can repeat your results but also so that you can replicate the work later, if the need arises.
The Results section should summarize the data from the experiment without discussing their implications. The data
should be organized into tables, figures, graphs etc. Large quantities of raw data should be placed in the Appendix.
Again you should only give your actual results, not what should have happened. All figures and tables need to be
clear, easily read, and well labelled. Figures and tables should have descriptive titles and should include a legend
explaining any symbols, abbreviations, or special methods used. You should number figures and tables separately
and they should be referred to in the text by number. They should also be self-explanatory so that the reader is able
to understand them without referring to the text. Within this section you should include any calculations obtained
from the results or requested in the lab sheet given.
The Discussion & Conclusions is the most important part of your report, because here, you show that you
understand the experiment beyond the simple level of completing it. Explain – Analyse – Interpret. This part of the
lab focuses on a question of understanding “What is the significance or meaning of the results?” In discussing the
results, you should not only analyse the results, but also discuss the implications of those results. Moreover, you
should pay attention to the errors that existed in the experiment, both where they originated and what their
significance is for interpreting the reliability of conclusions. Any conclusions should simply state what you know
now for sure, as a result of the lab. Suggestions for the improvement of techniques or experimental design may also
be included here
The References section is a listing of all the references used in the report. Whenever possible, references should be
of the authors of the original work rather than of the authors of review articles. References serve several roles; they
acknowledge the sources of information or ideas used in the report, and so help to identify what is your work. They
also provide a connection to other work in the area, and a permanent intellectual history of the topic. All references
should be written in the correct format.
Appendixes (does not count toward page/word limit) may include raw data, calculations, graphs, and other
quantitative materials that were part of the experiment, but not reported in any of the above sections. Refer to each
appendix at the appropriate point (or points) in your report. For example, at the end of your results section, you
might have the note, See Appendix A: Raw Data Tablet. Use this section to include any information that you feel is
essential but could not include in the main body of the report due to page/word number limitations.
ASSESSMENT of your report
Examiners will be asking the following questions while marking your lab reports.
You should review these questions while writing and proof-reading your reports.
1) Has the student read and followed the lab report guidelines?
2) Does the report follow the correct format? Is each section title clearly labeled?
3) Are information and ideas placed into the appropriate sections?
4) Has the student used correct grammar, punctuation; and spelling?
5) Have sources of information been correctly cited and referenced?
6) Does the Background Information section present sufficient relevant background information?
7) Has the 3rd person passive voice been used consistently in the Methodology and Results sections?
8) Have the results been thoroughly explained in the Discussion section?
M. Gillott – November 2020
- Assignment status: Already Solved By Our Experts
- (USA, AUS, UK & CA PhD. Writers)
- CLICK HERE TO GET A PROFESSIONAL WRITER TO WORK ON THIS PAPER AND OTHER SIMILAR PAPERS, GET A NON PLAGIARIZED PAPER FROM OUR EXPERTS