FIBS3002 English for Academic Purposes, Research and Study Skills
To what extent is Climate Change a result of human activities?
Table of Contents
Extent about climate change with result on human activities 2
The discussion is on the perception for the degree of scientific consensus which is essential element for the public support along with understanding the communication with the scientific standards. It is about the climate change where there are wider perceptions that are related to global warming. The comprehensive analysis is defined with the survey for the US public with disagreed approach as well. From 1953 to 2006, the Arctic Sea ice extent is at the end for melt season in September that has declined sharply. The climate varies on the multiple timescales with the agents of change who are involved with the human induced climate change causing the problem of global warming.
Extent about climate change with result on human activities
As per the analysis, the climate models are for the agreement with Arctic Sea ice extent with the response to the atmospheric greenhouse gas loading. The approach is about the attributes with statistical significance of 99% level trends for GHG loading. It is also for the stronger imprints of the natural variability (Cook et al., 2013). As per the IPCC AR4 multi-model, it is seen that there is GHG loading with natural variability and the forced change. The interpretation of the results is for natural variability that tends to dominate over the effects of GHG loading and the anthropogenic forcing. The contribution is for the residual time series with individual simulations after there are multi model mean trend that includes the departures in GHG sensitivity with respect to the multi-model mean. As per the analysis, the changes are defined with the radiative forcing and the new observations are related to the modelling for the greenhouse gases. It comes with the concentration of carbon dioxide and the annual concentration growth which tends to be for some of the direct measurements. There is a need to understand about the data which includes issues about the long-term trends and the drying which is when the precipitation is in the high variable side (IPCC,2 007). The perspectives are defined through handling the understanding and attribution for the change of climate. The difficulties are in simulating and attributing towards the change at the smaller scale. The models are used which do not include any of the uncertainties in the climate carbon cycle feedback and they do not include the full effect of changes as well. The projections are also about handling the increased concentration of the carbon dioxide. The dynamic process is about the ice flow which is not included for the current models and then there are suggestions to work on handling the increased snowfall with the net loss of the ice mass that occurs with the dynamical discharge of ice that dominates the mass balance. The emission scenarios of IPCC are defined for handling the growth with better economy, global population and the peaks or the declines (Marquis et al., 2003). It is for the capacity building and increased cultural interactions as well. There is storyline which are mentioned through economic structures along with the major emphasis on the global solutions to the economic and the other social or environmental sustainability with improvement on equity. The storyline is about the local solutions for the economic sustainability with diversified technological change. There are scenarios that focus on the local and the other regional standards effectively. The explicit minimization is for the rejection that the humans tend to lead the global warming. The state is about the humans with the affiliations that are collected with the uncertainty with the representativeness. The comparison is on the consistency with abstract on the endorsements and the rejections (Soon et al., 2003).
As per the human activities, there are heat trapping of the greenhouse gases with proper quality to handle the changes with the composition of atmosphere. The response is for the higher temperature with rise in the level of sea and increased weather events. As per the analysis, it is seen that there are human changes with the atmospheric composition that directly leads to the increased temperature in atmosphere and the oceans with melting of the ice as well. There are chances where the heat waves are for the shorter duration and impacts the major rise of temperature as well. The heat waves occur in association to the slow-moving anti-cyclone where the detection is also unusual with attribution for the anthropogenic change of climate through using the climate models as well. There is higher rise of temperature with the larger cities involved with profound impacts on farms. The drought and the wildfire have been a major factor where the anti-cyclonic conditions tend to be persisting in the situations that makes the settled weather dry with lesser precipitation. It is seen that the record n US was 2012 with the anticyclonic conditions in the country. The storms and precipitation were for the warming planet on the water cycle with the oceans playing a major role. it is seen that there were individual thunderstorms and the rain or the snowstorms with increased problem of moisture and the production of intense precipitation events. This has led to the stronger and intense rains or the snows with increase of the risks related to flooding that also exceeding the bounds for the events of weather. The tropical storms and hurricanes are for the association with the high sea with the surface temperatures with reflecting on the high ocean heat content. There has been a source of variability with the tropical storm activity that includes the frequent decrease mainly in the Atlantic regions. The competition is through the tropics where the activity tends to occur (Stroeve et al., 2007). Not only this, there are climate warming invigorating the tropical storm activity with adding the energy and then manifesting them in different ways. The examples are also for the increased activities which are for the record breaking and there are larger number and the storms with the stronger typhoon on the record (Trenberth, 2018).
The observations are for the downward trend with 1953-2006 that is defined through handling the forced component which might be larger. The impact of GHG loading is for the growth in September with the major impact for ice extent as well. It is seen that there are contributions from the weather and other climate related events that have a major impact on the infrastructure with not measuring any of the human factors, strife, and the loss of life. The extreme weather has been happening with the thresholds that are for handling the broken records. Not only this, there are events that occur in different places which are different along with the problems of the other nations. U.S. is the major contributor to the cumulative emissions. It is seen that there is a need to understand the costs for the increased frequency and the destruction of the weather events along with handling the management of problems and avoiding on the worst outcomes too. The swift action is about the reduced emissions with major damage that is caused to the climate system or the water cycle as well.
Cook, J., Nuccitelli, D., Green, S., Richardson, M., Winkler, B., Painting, R., Way, R., Jacobs, P. and Skuce, A. (2013). Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environ. Res. Lett., 8(2), 024024.
IPCC (2007). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Soon, W. and Baliunas, S. (2003). Global warming. Physical Geography, 27(3), pp.448-455.
Stroeve, J., Holland, M., Meier, W., Scambos, T. and Serreze, M. (2007). Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast. Geophysics Research34(9).
Trenberth, K.E. (2018) Climate change caused by human activities is happening and it already has major consequences. In: Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. 36(4) pp.463-481.
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